What is a Stroke? - Stroke Prevention in Seniors

Author: Michele Trice

| Published on: January,18 | Viewed: 2531 times


What is a stroke and how can seniors prevent one? Learn about common stroke symptoms, risk factors and proper stroke prevention in seniors. Understanding the risk factors and how to adopt a healthy lifestyle can help prevent the likelihood of having a stroke.

What is a Stroke? - Stroke Prevention in Seniors

Learning proper stroke prevention for seniors can help older adults live a longer and healthier lives.

Most of everyone has heard of a stroke, but there are a lot of mistaken perceptions of what a stroke is and what leads to one. It is important to know the facts about what causes a stroke and stroke prevention for seniors so that you can keep yourself and your loved ones safe in an emergency situation.  

What is a stroke?

A stroke is a medical condition caused by one or more blocked blood vessels in the brain. A stroke can also be caused by bleeding in the brain.

With a stroke, any interruptions in the blood flow within the brain can cause a drop in the control over a range of bodily functions. Speech, movement and perception are most often affected.

Strokes are currently the fourth leading cause of death in the United States, behind heart disease, cancer and lung disease. It is also a leading cause of brain and physical disability, second only to Alzheimer’s.

Strokes occur in individuals of all ages but strokes and heart attacks are particularly common among seniors. Knowing the stroke causes and specific stroke prevention for seniors can be helpful in staying healthy.

What causes a stroke?

Different types of strokes are caused by different things, including an ischemic stroke, embolic stroke and aneurysms. All strokes are serious medical conditions and need immediate medical attention since one’s blood supply isn’t getting to the right place.

Here are three different types of strokes and their causes:

  1. Ischemic stroke: what is known is an ischemic stroke is caused by a blood clot. The clot can be formed when a vessel narrows due to plaque buildup from hardening of the arteries.

  2. Embolic stroke: an embolic stroke is caused by a blood clot that can form anywhere in the body and move in the vessels. Only when the clot reaches the brain does it actually do damage.

  3. Aneurysm: strokes caused by bleeding in the brain often occur when a vessel or artery ruptures, as in the case of an aneurysm.

What are stroke risk factors?

The majority of people who experience strokes are 60 years old or older. There are both medical and lifestyle risk factors that can influence the likelihood that someone will experience a stroke, many of which you can change.

Risk factors for strokes change as we age. However, there are a number of common stroke risk risk factors to watch out for, including medical and lifestyle factors.

Medical stroke risk factors

Here are common medical risk factors:

  • High blood pressure

  • High cholesterol

  • Diabetes

  • Circulation problems

High blood pressure is recognized as the most common indicator and contributor to strokes. An ideal blood pressure reading would be 120/80. Have your blood pressure checked regularly, and if you take regulating medications, be sure that you take them as prescribed.

High cholesterol (any total number above 200) is a concern and can be addressed with your doctor. It can often be controlled with diet and exercise, but if that is not successful, there are medications to assist.

Lifestyle stroke risk factors

Here are common lifestyle risk factors:

  • Poor diet and nutrition

  • Lack of physical activity

  • Tobacco use and smoking

  • Excessive alcohol use

Smoking can double the risk of stroke. Smoking can increase clot formation and thicken the blood, both of which can increase stroke risk.

It has been suggested that moderate alcohol use can yield positive health results, but more than that can become a risk factor. Moderate intake means two drinks per day for men and one per day for women.

Symptoms of a stroke

It is important to know the symptoms of a stroke so that if you or a loved one experience any of them, you can seek professional help.

Common stroke symptoms include:

  • Weakness or numbness on one side of the face, arm or leg

  • Loss of vision, coordination, speech, or ability to understand speech

  • Loss of balance, accompanied by nausea or fever

  • Unexplained dizziness

  • Sudden, severe headache, followed by a loss of consciousness

If you or a loved one are experiencing a stroke, calling 911 quickly can make all the difference after one or more of these symptoms. Some stroke treatments need to begin as quickly as possible.

Stroke prevention in seniors

There are many ways to prevent your likelihood of having a stroke. For seniors, there are age, hereditary genes, medical history and lifestyle factors that influence the greater or lesser risk of a stroke.

The important things to remember with addressing stroke prevention in seniors is to manage your medication with your doctor, adopt a healthy lifestyle and minimize your stressors.

Adopt a healthy lifestyle

While knowing what to look for and how to respond to a stroke is important, the best path is to adopt a healthy lifestyle and to work at avoiding the triggers to having a stroke. Maintain a healthy weight and keep active.

Eat heart-healthy foods, and make sure your blood pressure and cholesterol are in the target ranges.

Becoming healthy in general is the best stroke prevention possible.

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