Urinary incontinence is common for older adults but still doesn’t make it easy to deal with - learn about tips for seniors and caregivers when dealing with incontinence.
If you are taking care of an elderly loved one, chances are at some point, urinary incontinence will become an issue. And whether you care for your loved one at their home, in a retirement community or in senior housing, it’s important for caregivers to understanding proper incontinence care.
With elderly incontinence, there are both medical and social issues, so knowing what can be done to help with this sensitive issue will make everyone’s life easier.
What is incontinence?
Urinary incontinence, also called bladder incontinence, includes an involuntary loss of bladder functions, mainly through involuntary urination. There are different types of incontinence, including urge and overflow incontinence, but urinary is the most common.
While urinary incontinence is a huge clinical problem, particularly for the elderly, it is also a social problem due to the embarrassment it can cause. In fact, about half of all incontinence sufferers do not report the problem to their doctor because they’re embarrassed about it.
With elderly incontinence, there is also a myth out there that incontinence is a “normal” part of aging. That is simply not true. While age-related problems can certainly trigger incontinence in the elderly, the past decade has seen many advances made in both understanding and treating the problem for people of all ages.
How to care for elderly incontinence
There are many ways to care for incontinence in older adults but the first start with finding the proper treatment. Most importantly, tell your doctor and they will be able to help to advise on causes of elderly incontinence and come up with a plan for treatment.
If your loved one is suffering from incontinence, urge them to talk to their doctor. There are many ways the problem can be treated or managed but only if you make their doctor aware of the issue.
Causes of incontinence in elderly
While incontinence is common in seniors, it doesn’t have to be a permanent issue. It could be a medical problem that a simple prescription can cure, like a urinary tract infection.
Other causes of incontinence in elderly include:
Prostate gland trouble. This affects men and may be treatable.
Constipation is uncomfortable but can also make both bladder emptying and “holding on” harder to control.
Side effects of medication can cause incontinence and medication can be changed.
Other bowel problems like irritable bowel syndrome can cause incontinence.
What about dementia?
One of the largest causes of incontinence in the elderly is Alzheimer’s disease and dementia. Elderly people with dementia are more likely to suffer for many reasons:
They can’t react quick enough and get to a toilet
Can’t communicate the need to use the bathroom
Inability to find a bathroom and urinate in an inappropriate place
Can’t manage the physical duties of going to the toilet like undoing clothing and personal hygiene
Refusing to get help to go to the bathroom when they have the urge to urinate
Incontinence care and resources
Helping your loved one ensure a healthy urinary tract and bowel is a big step toward reducing the chances of incontinence.
Here are some tips from the Alzheimer’s Society on how to care for incontinence:
Your loved one should drink six to eight glasses of fluids each day - more if they have hard stools. Cutting down fluids or not drinking them for long periods of time can cause urinary tract infections and constipation
Eat a balanced diet with at least five daily portions of fruit and vegetables, and enough fiber to ensure a regular bowel movement.
Stay as active as possible. If they are able, walking every day helps with bowel movements.
Ensure regularity by allowing enough time on the toilet to empty bowels.
If a health professional has suggested your loved one has an overactive bladder, they will also advise replacing drinks which irritate the bladder, (like tea, coffee and cola) with water, herbal teas and fruit drinks.
Women with mild dementia and urinary stress incontinence sometimes learn pelvic floor exercises. These exercises can cure stress incontinence caused by weakness of the pelvic floor muscles due to childbirth or ageing.
There are also many incontinence aids that you can purchase at retail and drug stores. Ask your loved one’s doctor about what may work best for your situation. In addition, there’s a terrific fact and care sheet you can download from the Alzheimer’s society.
For more helpful information about senior care, click here to visit the Seniorly senior care resource center.
Remember, your loved one needn’t suffer alone with incontinence. Reaching out for help is the first step.
If you have any questions about senior living, we’re happy to help online or on the phone. Email us at firstname.lastname@example.org or call us at (855) 866-4515 today.