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How to Determine the Legal Documents Needed for Your Parent

Learn about the important legal documents you'll need for your parents before they enter assisted living and how to lay out their end-of-life wishes.

By Arthur Bretschneider · Updated Aug 08, 2022
understanding-the-cost-of-assisted-living

Legal documents you need for your aging parents

As your parents grow older, it’s important to make sure you will be able to step in if they become unable to make medical or financial decisions on their own. It’s also critical to ensure you have the legal documents needed to make sure their end-of-life wishes are carried out. We’ve put together a list of essential legal documents every aging adult should have. If your mom or dad doesn’t already have them in place, discuss the need for them as quickly as possible.  

Legal documents to obtain before your parent moves to assisted living

Before your parent moves into an assisted living community, part of the admissions process will involve preparing specific legal documents. Make sure you have this paperwork in place before they make their move.

HIPAA authorization form

The Health Information Portability and Accountability Act, often simply known as HIPAA, lays out legal standards for ensuring an individual’s health records and information are kept private. This means that healthcare professional can’t share information with you about your parent unless they have provided you with written consent for you to receive this information. A HIPPA authorization form is a straightforward yet critical document for parents to complete. This form authorizes doctors, medical facilities, and other healthcare professionals to keep you and other family members your parent approves informed on their medical status. Most doctor’s offices have them on hand, and they only take a few minutes to complete.

Durable financial power of attorney

A durable financial power of attorney provides you or another appointed agent the authority to take care of financial transactions on your parent’s behalf. Keep in mind, your loved one has to be mentally competent when the document is created. The durable power of attorney differs from a standard power of attorney in that it will remain effective even when your parent is unable to make decisions. When your parent passes away, this document is automatically terminated.

Durable medical power of attorney

A durable medical power of attorney names at least one person to make medical decisions on your parent’s behalf if they’re unable to communicate or make decisions on their own. It’s wise to have more than one agent in case one cannot be reached when there’s an emergency. Take time to discuss your parents’ wishes on critical medical decisions in advance so you are able to carry out their wishes if they become too ill to direct their own medical care.

Physical assessment form

Before your aging parents enter an assisted living community, their doctor will be required to complete a physical assessment form. It provides information relating to your parent’s medical history, current diagnoses, behavioral or cognitive status, and sensory or physical limitations they may have. Within the assessment, the physician can also indicate what therapy or medical services are needed by your loved one, as well as information on the amount of assistance that may be necessary with self-care and daily living tasks.

Legal documents for end of life

A few specific legal documents are needed to dictate your loved one’s end-of-life wishes as well as what happens to their estate when they are gone.

Living Will

A living will, often called an advanced directive, allows your parent to record their wishes for end-of-life care. It keeps family members from having to agonize over tough medical decisions in the future. Your parent can use a living will to make it clear whether they would like life support to be used in the case of a permanent coma, persistent vegetative state, or terminal condition. It can also be used to specify in which situations they would like to receive water and food via feeding tube, and when they’d like to be provided with comfort care.

Last will and testament

A last will and testament states what happens to your loved one’s assets after they pass away. It can include their property, money, estate, and possessions. Failing to have a will means that the government will determine how to divide your parent’s property, regardless of their wishes. When creating a last will, they’ll need to list beneficiaries and appoint an executor and alternate executor. By drafting a last will and testament, parents ensure their estate is taken care of according to their wishes instead of the will of the government.

DNR

A Do Not Resuscitate or DNR document informs medical professionals that your parent does not want cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) or advanced cardiac life support if their heart stops or they stop breathing. A DNR differs from a living will in that it’s a medical order actually written and signed by a physician, making it a legally recognized medical order. In some states, the Physician Orders for Life-Sustaining Treatment (POLST) serves the same function as a DNR form.

Caring for aged parents checklist

You should have several other important healthcare, financial, and personal documents on hand as well, including your parent’s:

  • Personal medical history
  • Insurance card
  • Long-term care insurance policy
  • Tax returns
  • Deeds to all property
  • List of bank accounts
  • Documentation of debts and loans,
  • Stock certificates, brokerage accounts, savings bonds
  • Life insurance policies
  • Organ donor card
  • Marriage and/or divorce papers
  • Birth certificate
  • Social security card
  • Military records (if applicable)
  • Driver’s license
  • Passport
This piece is part of our Healthy Aging Handbook, read the next one to learn more about helping aging parents: Managing Your Parents' Finances
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Health and Lifestyle
written by:
Arthur Bretscheider
Co-founder & CEO at Seniorly, third-generation senior housing operator with 20 years experience
View other articles written by Arthur

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